Fact Sheet – Mali Study

 

 

FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA (FSA) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

 

between

 

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

 

and

 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

 

In-Country Time Period: June 1985 – November 1992

 

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·       Downloadable Documents

o   Click here to view downloadable documents from earlier MSU research programs on food security in Mali and the Sahel (1985-96)

o   Click here to view all downloadable documents from this project at the USAID/Dec Archive

o   Select and click below to view downloadable documents from USAID/DEC Archive by some of the authors involved in the project --Last name, first name-- e.g. (Dione, Josue; Diarra, Salifou; de Frahan, Bruno Henry; Dembele, Niama Nango; Staatz, John, Steffen, Phil)

 

1.         Cooperating Institutions:

 

USAID/Bamako

Technical Secretariat of the Food Sector Strategy Commission (ST/CESA)

Institute of Rural Economics/Farming Systems Division (IER/DRSPR)

Office des Produits Agricoles du Mali (OPAM)

Department of Agricultural Economics, MSU

 

2.         Researchers Involved:

 

ST/CESA:  Moussa Kalifa Traoré, Daouda Keita, Oumou Mariko, Kadian Doumbia, and Kassim Koné

IER/DRSPR:  Moussa Diarra, Josué Sagoba, Youssef Cissé, Samba Traoré

OPAM:  Salifou Diarra, Ely Diarra, Mamadou Fané, Aguissa Maiga, Francis Keita, Kader Sonoucoue, Abdramane Traoré, Pierre Traoré

MSU In-Country Researchers: Victoire D'Agostino, Bruno Henry de Frahan, Niama Nango Dembélé, Josué Dioné, Eleni Gabre-Madhin, Mona Mehta, Phil Steffen, James Tafft

MSU Campus Backstop:  John Staatz, Eric Crawford, A. Allan Schmid, James Shaffer and Michael Weber

3.         Objectives of the Research:

 

ST/CESA - Analyze the effects of reforms in the markets for millet, maize and sorghum on the willingness and capacity of participants to invest in improving the food system.  Also, provide applied reasearch assistance to the Maiian government and USAID/Mali to strenghten the empirical foundations of ongoing cereal market reforms and help establish a cereals market information system and analytical unit based at OPAM.

 

IER/DRSPR - Analyze factors affecting the payoff to agricultural research in Mali, especially to analyze the costs and benefits of expanding farming systems research into the Fifth Region of Mali.

 

4.         Research Approach:

 

The data generated by the MSU-CESA Food Security Project covered a large set of market conduct and performance indicators, including: (a) monthly coarse grain transactions (sales, purchases, barters and gifts) for a sample of 190 farmers distributed among 16 villages in 4 rainfall subzones in the south of the country (CMDT and OHV zones); as well as a sample of 120 farm households in Northeastern Mali (the Gao region) (b) weekly transaction data for the main rural market of each of the 4 southern subzones as well as keep markets in the Northeast; and (c) monthly transaction data for a sample of grain wholesalers in major cities (Bamako, Mopti, Sikasso and Koutiala, Tomboctores, Gao, and smaller towns in the grain-deficit Northeast).

 

Several single-visit surveys were carried out to gather information on farmers' strategies for ensuring their own food security (available resources, activities and means to meet food needs, major constraints that jeopardize their food situation, major policy and technological factors that enhance their food security, etc.); traders' resources, constraints, and strategic behavior, especially in response to the risk and uncertainty that traders face from unexpected policy changes and supply variability; and the interactive effects of different macro-level policies (fiscal, credit, pricing, extension, etc.), on both traders' and farmers' strategies with respect to their production and marketing activities.

 

Interviews were also carried out with policy makers and management staff in parastatal agencies.

 

The surveys conducted with IER/DRSPR began with a rapid farm-level reconnaissance in the Fifth Region to develop an inventory of priority production problems (research areas) for major production systems, constraints to production (marketing, availability of inputs, etc.), and possible solutions.  Then the project compiled farm-level data and budgets from a combination of secondary sources and conducted detailed interviews with a sample of farmers drawn from rapid reconnaissance villages.  These included information on farm-level investments needed to adopt technologies that would be likely to be available and the net returns resulting from the adopted technologies.  Analysis focused on identifying and quantifying the complementary affects of investments in technology generation, extension, market, improvements, and policy reforms.

 

The Policy Reform and Monitoring (PRAM) component is part of Phase II of the Mali Food Security Project, which began in July, 1987.  Field activities under the PRAM ran through August, 1990.  Three types of activities were carried out:

 

a.         Technical Assistance to USAID/Mali in its participation in the PRMC.  From July, 1987 through July, 1988, Phil Steffen, an MSU researcher, served as USAID/Bamako's full-time representative to the PRMC technical committee.  This committee develops proposals that are submitted to the Malian government for actions to reinforce the process of cereal market liberalization.  In July 1988, Steffen stepped down from the technical committee to devote full time to his FSA/CA research. The project staff continued to consult frequently with USAID staff members working on the technical committee.

 

b.         Applied research aimed at providing the Malian government and USAID/Mali with a stronger empirical foundation on which to base the ongoing cereal market reforms.  This research was undertaken jointly by MSU and the Malian Food Strategy Commission (CESA).  MSU researchers in Mali who have been involved in this research include Phil Steffen, Nango Dembélé, Mona Mehta, and Victoire D'Agostino.  In addition, the PRAM has provided funding to Shelly Sundberg, a Ph.D. candidate from Stanford, who worked with the CESA/MSU team to carry out consumption and nutrition studies of the farmer sample in the OHV zone.

 

c.         Technical assistance to the Malian government to help it establish a cereals market information system (SIM) and analytic unit based at the cereal marketing board, OPAM.  Nango Dembélé had the major responsibility for providing this technical assistance.  Eleni Gabre-Madhin, an MSU graduate student, also worked with the SIM in 1990 on a study of Malian grain exports.  Her research was jointly funded by MSU and IFPRI.  The technical assistance allowed the Malian SIM to begin regular weekly market reporting on over 50 cereals markets throughout Mali beginning in late 1988.  Weekly reports are broadcast on national radio and television, fortnightly reports are published in the official newspaper, L`Essor, and the SIM also issues weekly and monthly reports to various government and donor agencies and to PVOs.  In addition, the SIM publishes a semi-annual (previously a quarterly) bulletin containing more detailed analysis of cereal market conditions throughout Mali.  The Malian SIM is now considered by most observers to be most highly developed cereal market information system in the Sahel.

 

5A.      Outputs - Working Papers (Papers grouped by component)

 

1.  ST/CESA Component- Cereals Market Reform and Food Security:

 

D'Agostino, Victoire.  "La Production et la Commercialisation des Céréales au Mali: Résultats Empiriques et Implications en Matière de Politique."  Document de Travail 88-05, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Novembre 1988.

 

D'Agostino, Victoire, Josué Dioné, and John Staatz. "An Analysis of Coarse Grain Production and Marketing Patterns in the CMDT and OHV Zones of Mali, 1985-88."  Document de Travail 90-02, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Juillet 1990.

 

D'Agostino, Victoire C., and John M. Staatz.  "The Impact of Import and Export Policies on Malian Coarse Grain Producers."  A Presentation to the USAID Workshop on Food Security and Economic Growth in the Sahel.  Washington, D.C., September 6-8, 1989.   East Lansing:  Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 89-85.

 

D'Agostino, Victoire C. and John M. Staatz.  "Food Security and Economic Growth in the Sahel:  Summary of the September 1989 Sahel Cereals Workshop."  MSU International Development Working Papers no. 34.  East Lansing:  Michigan State University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics.  November 1989.  Reprinted in both English and French by CILSS and the Club du Sahel for the CILSS/Club du Sahel Lomé Conference on Regional Trade in West Africa (November 1989).  French title:  "Sécurité alimentaire et croissance économique au Sahel:  Atelier sur les céréales au Sahel."

 

D'Agostino, Victoire, John M. Staatz and Michael T. Weber.  "Notes on the Implications of Farm-Level Transactions Data for the PRMC Credit Program."  Information Note 89-03, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID: Bamako, August 1989.

 

Dembélé, Niama Nango, and Philip Steffen.  "Evaluation Conjointe des Programmes de Crédit PRMC aux Associations Villageoises et aux Commerçants Privés: Campagne Agricole 1986/87."  Document de Travail no. 87-04, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Novembre 1987.

 

Dembélé, Niama Nango. "Quelques Eléments de Performance de la Commercialisation Privée des Céréales (Mil-Maïs-Sorgho) au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 88-03, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Octobre 1988.

 

Dembélé, Niama N., and John M. Staatz.  "Impact of Regional Cereals Trade on Food Security in West Africa."  Document prepared for the CILSS/Club du Sahel Seminar in West Africa, Lomé, 6-11 November 1989.  East Lansing: Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 89-93, 1989.  

 

Dioné, Josué, Niama N. Dembélé and Oumou Diallo Mariko.  "Evolution et Situation Actuelle du Projet d'Etude sur la Sécurité Alimentaire au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 86-01, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Mars 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué, and Niama Nango Dembélé.  "Description des Circuits Céréaliers au Mali et Analyse des Données Secondaires de Prix des Céréales (Mil-Maïs-Sorgho)."  Document de Travail no. 86-02, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Mars 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué, and Niama Nango Dembélé.  "Analyse Provisoire de la Campagne de Commercialisation 1985/86 des Céréales (Mil-Sorgho-Maïs) au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 86-03, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Août 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué, Niama Nango Dembélé and John Staatz.  "Description et Analyse de la Structure du Marché des Céréales (Mil-Maïs-Sorgho) au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 86-04, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Septembre 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué, Niama Nango Dembélé and John Staatz.  "Description et Analyse du Comportement et de la Performance du Marché de Gros des Céréales (Mil-Maïs-Sorgho) au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 86-05, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Septembre 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué. "Stratégies de Vente, d'Achat et d'Endettement Céréaliers des Producteurs Agricoles."  Document de Travail no. 86-06, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Décembre 1986.

 

Dioné, Josué, and Niama Nango Dembélé.  "Le Programme de Restructuration du Marché Céréalier au Mali (PRMC): Une Analyse de ses Objectifs, son Fonctionnement et ses Réalisations."  Document de Travail no. 87-01, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Février 1987.

 

Dioné, Josué. "Production et Transactions Céréalière des Producteurs Agricoles-Campagne 1985/86."  Document de Travail no. 87-02, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Avril 1987.

 

Dioné, Josué, and John Staatz.  "Cereal Market Liberalization and Food Security in Mali [Libéralisation du Marché et Sécurité Alimentaire au Mali]."  Document de Travail no. 87-03, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID: Bamako.  Contribution to the Regional Seminar on Food Security in Afrique Australe à Harare, Zimbabwe, 1 - 5 Novembre 1987.

 

Dioné, Josué. "Restructuration du Marché Céréalier et Choix des Agriculteurs."  Document preparé pour l'Atelier sur la Commercialisation de Céréales.  Bamako, le 18-20 Octobre 1988.

            

Dioné, Josué (1989d).  "Comportment Commercial des Agriculteurs et Commerce Céréalier Régional en Afrique de l'Ouest."  Invited paper at the International Seminar on "Regional Cereals Markets in West Africa: Current Dynamics and implications for the Future," sponsered by CILSS/Club du Sahel, Lome, Togo,    6-11 november 1989.  MSU Agricultural Economics Staff Paper No. 89-92.

 

Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z., Diarra, Salifou B., and Staatz, John M.  "La problematique des coûts de transfer dans le cadre de la commercialisation des céréales au Mali."  PRISAS Food Security Workshop, Bamako, March, 1992.

 

Mehta, Mona, and John Staatz.  "Une Analyse de la Structure et le Comportement des Grossistes de Céréales au Mali."  Document de Travail 90-03, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID: Bamako, Août 1990.

 

Staatz, John M. "The Role of Market Conditions in Influencing the Adoption of New Agricultural Technologies in Mali."  Report to USAID/Mali.  Bamako:  October 1989.  East Lansing:  Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 89-109,  October 1989. 

 

Steffen, Philip, and Niama Nango Dembélé.  "Une critique des Rôles Alternatifs pour l'OPAM sur le Marché Céréalier à travers un Paradigme des Biens Publics."  Document de Travail no. 88-02, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID: Bamako, Août 1988.

 

Steffen, Philip, and Kassim Koné.  "Une Reconnaissance Rapide sur les Marchés Céréaliers dans les Régions de Mopti, Tombouctou et Gao."  Document de Travail 88-04, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID: Bamako, Novembre 1988.

 

Steffen, Philip.  "Un Sondage: Sources et Besoins d'Information des Commerçants sur le Marché Céréalier au Mali." Document de Travail 90-01, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Avril 1990.

 

Steffen, Philip, and Niama Nango Dembélé.  "L'Impact de l'Environnement Régulateur sur les Marchés Céréaliers au Mali: Quelques Conséquences de Comportement."  Document de Travail 90-04, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Septembre 1990.

 

Steffen, Philip, and Mona Mehta.  "Quelques Eléments de la Sécurité Alimentaire Ménagère dans la Région de Gao: Une Analyse Empirique Provisoire."  Note d'Information 89-02, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Octobre 1989.

 

Steffen, Philip. "Réconsidération des Capacités du Secteur Privé et des Responsabilités du Secteur Public dans le Ravitaillement en Céréales des Zones Déficitaires du Nord et de l'Est du Mali."  Document preparé pour l'Atelier sur la Commercialisation de Céréales.  Bamako, les 18-20 Octobre 1988.

 

Steffen, Philip. "The Structural Transformation of OPAM, Cereals Marketing Agency."  East Lansing:  Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 90-91.

 

Sundberg, Shelly.  "Preliminary Results of Three Rounds of Anthropometric Surveys, 1988-89."  Report to USAID/Mali.  Bamako, October 1989.

 

2.  IER/DRSPR Component- Farming Systems Research in the 5th                   Region:

 

De Frahan, Bruno Henry, Youssouf Cissé, Samba Traoré, and Moussa Boré Diarra.  "Feasibility Study of the Expansion of the Farming Systems Research Division into the Fifth Region of Mali."  Also published in French under the title "Etude de Faisabilité de l'Extension de la Division de Recherches sur les Systèmes de Production Rurale en Cinquième Région du Mali," June 1989.

 

De Frahan, Bruno Henry, and Moussa Boré Diarra.  "Résultats de l'Enquête Préliminaire en Cinquième Région du Mali.  I. La Plaine du Séno et le Plateau de Bandiagara."  Bamako: Ministère de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Décembre 1987.

 

Diakité, Noumou, and Mahamet Kéita.  "L'Elevage en Cinquième Région: Contraintes et Actions Prioritaires d'Intervention et de Recherche Appliquée."  Bamako: Ministère de l'Environnement et de l'Elevage, Direction Nationale de l'Elevage, Opération de Développement de l'Elevage dans la Région de Mopti, Septembre 1988.

 

Ministère de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Division de Recherches sur les Systèmes de Production Rurale.  "Etude de Faisabilité de l'Extension de la DRSPR en Cinquième Région du Mali, Résultats acquis au 15 Mars 1988 et Proposition de Programme."  Bamako: Ministère de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, 15-17 Mars 1988.

 

Traoré, Samba, Youssouf Cissé and Moussa Boré Diarra.  "Note d'Information de l'Etude de Faisabilité de l'Extension de la DRSPR en Cinquième Région.  Enquête Informelle sur les Cultures Maraîchères du Plateau de Bandiagara."  Bamako: Ministère de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mai 1988.

 

Traoré, Samba. "Note d'Information de l'Etude de Faisabilité de l'Extension de la DRSPR en Cinquème Région.  Les Principaux Résultats de la Recherche sur les Cultures Associées Mil-Niébé au Mali."  Bamako: Ministère de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mars 1988.

 

Traoré, Samba. "Note d'Information de l'Etude de Faisabilité de l'Extension de la DRSPR en Cinquième Région.  Etude de la Traction Animale dans le Séno."  Bamako: Ministére de l'Agriculture, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mars 1988.

 

3.  OPAM/SIM Component- Market Information and Food Security

 

Dembélé, Niama Nango, and Philip Steffen.  "Approche Méthodologique pour la Mise en Place d'un Système d'Information au Mali."  Document de Travail no. 88-01, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID.  Bamako: Mars 1988.

 

Dembélé, Niama N. "Les Opinions des Commerçants de Bamako sur le Système d'Information du Marché Céréalier."  Note d'Information 89-01, Projet Sécurité Alimentaire MSU-CESA-USAID. Bamako: Mai 1989.

 

Dembélé, Niama Nango, and John M. Staatz.  "Transparence des Marchés Céréaliers et Rôle de l'Etat: La Mise en Place d'un Système d'Information des Marchés au Mali."  Document préparé pour le Séminaire Européen des Economistes Agricoles de Montpellier du 29 mai au 2 juin 1989.  East Lansing: Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 89-83, 1989.  Version Anglaise:  "Market Transparency and the Role of the State:  The Establishment of a Market Information System in Mali." East Lansing: Michigan State University, Agricultural Economics Staff Paper no. 89-83-E, 1989.

 

Dembélé, Niama N., John M. Staatz, and Johny Egg.  "L'expérience du Mali."  Paper presented at CILSS/Club du Sahel Conference on Cereals Market Information Systems in the Sahel, Bamako, Mali, 23-25 April, 1990.  Paris:  Club du Sahel.  English version:  "The Malian Experience."

 

Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z. and Salifou B. Diarra.  "La Commercialisation des Céréales Exportées du Mali:  Situation - Strucutre - Performance."  Bamako:  Ministère des Finances et du Commerce, Office des Produits Agricoles du Mali, Division Système d'Information du Marché (S.I.M.); Institut International de Recherche sur les Politiques Alimentaires (IFPRI); and Michigan State University; Document de Travail No. 1-90, August, 1990.

 

Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z. and Aguisa B. Maiga.  "Analyse des Marges de Commercialisation des Marchés Céréaliers du Mali."  Bamako:  Ministère des Finances et du Commerce, Office des Produits Agricoles du Mali, Division Système d'Information du Marché (S.I.M.); Institut International de Recherche sur les Politiques Alimentaires (IFPRI); and Michigan State University; Document de Travail No. 2-90, August, 1990.

 

Staatz, John, N. Nango Dembélé, and Kimberly Aldridge.  "The Role of Market Information Systems in Strenghtening Food Security:  Lessons from Mali."  French version:  "Le role des SIMs dans le renfrorcement de la Sécurité Alimentaire:  Les leçons tirées de l'éxperience du Mali."  MSU Agricultural Economics Staff Paper No. 92-60.

 

 

4.  IER/DPAER - Maize Subsector Study 

 

 

Boughton, Duncan and Témé, Bino.  "Farming Systems and Markets - Combining Analytical Frameworks for Development of Commodity Subsectors:  The Case of Maize in Southern Mali."  Selected Paper, 12th Annual Farming Systems Symposium, The Association for Farming Systems Research/Extension," East Lansing, September, 1992.

 

Témé, Bino and Boughton, Duncan.  "Preliminary Analysis of the Maize Subsector and Principal Questions."  French Version:  "Analyse préliminaire sur la filière maïs et principales interrogations."  Ministère de l'Agriculture, de 'Elevage et de l'Environment, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Department Planification Agricole et Economie Rurale.  Comité Technique du Programme Système de Production et Economie Rurale.  Bamako:  April, 1992.

 

OPAM/SIM- Market Bulletins:

 

Applied research assistance provided by the project to the Malian Cereals Market Information System (SIM) has helped the SIM publish regular weekly, monthly, and semi-annual market reports.  The semi-annual (formerly quarterly)  Bulletin d'Information sur le Marché Céréalier en République du Mali is widely read in donor, government, and PVO offices in Mali.

 

5C. Outputs: Thesis and Dissertations

 

1.  ST/CESA Component- Cereals Market Reform and Food Security:

 

Barry, Abdoul Wahab. "A Study of Cereal Price Inter-relationships Across Markets and Commodities at the Wholesale and Retail Levels in Mali."  Master's Thesis, Michigan State University, 1989.

 

D'Agostino, Victoire C. "Coarse Grain Production and Transactions in Mali: Farm Household Strategies and Government Policy." Master's Thesis, Michigan State University, 1988. 

 

Dioné, Josué. "Informing Food Security Policy in Mali:  Interactions between Technology, Institutions and Market Reforms."  Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1989.

 

Mehta, Mona, "An Analysis of the Structure of the Wholesale Cereals Market in Mali."  Master's Thesis, Michigan State University, 1989.

 

2.  IER/DRSPR Component- Farming Systems Research in the 5th                   Region:

 

De Frahan, Bruno Henry. "The Effects of Interactions Between Technology, Institutions, and Policy on the Potential Returns to Farming Systems Research in Semi-Arid Northeastern Mali."  Ph.D. Dissertation,  Michigan State University, 1990. 

 

5D.      Outputs: Seminars/Conferences

 

Within Mali

 

In Mali, the food security team has presented numerous seminars to the National Food Sector Strategy Commission (CESA); the technical committee of the Cereals Market Restructuring Project (PRMC); USAID/Bamako; and the Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER), the national agricultural research agency.  These seminars were part of ongoing regular interactions between the food security research team and the staff of these organizations.

 

In addition, project staff provided briefings to Malian participants in the "Debat National sur le PRMC" (June 1987) and made presentations at the following conferences within Mali:

 

i.          National Cereals Policy Conference (Bamako, June 1988)

ii.         National Market information System Workshop (Bamako, December 1988)

iii.       National SIM (Système d'Information sur le Marché) Seminar (Bamako, December 1989)

iv.        National Rice Subsector Conference (Ségou, February, 1990)

 

Other African Countries

 

Nango Dembélé made a presentation to National Seminar on Price Collection and Usage in Mauritania (February, 1990)

 

Within the U.S.

 

Seminars and presentations have been made to:

 

i.          All-University Faculty Seminar, MSU (February 1986)

ii.         Economic Development Workshop, Dept. of Economics, MSU (May 1986 and April, 1988)

iii.       Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University (May 1986)

iv.        A.I.D./W, Bureau of Science and Technology (February 1987)

v.        Briefing of Niles Brady, Director of Bureau of Science and Technology (February 1987)

vi.        University of Michigan, Institute of Public Policy Studies, Annual Policy Conference (March 1987)

vii.       A.I.D./W, Africa Bureau, Seminar on Cereals Policy in the Sahel (October 1987)

viii.     World Bank, Workshop on Research Methods in Food Security Research and their Applicability to Studies of Land Tenure (March 1988)

ix.        A.I.D./W, Bureau of Science and Technology (March 1988)

x.         Thoman Fellows Group, MSU (September 1988)

xi.        A.I.D./W, Beyond Mindelo I Seminar (October 1988)

xii.       A.I.D./W, Beyond Mindelo II Seminar (September 1989)

xiii.     A.I.D./W, Office of Food for Peace, Workshop on Targeted Food Subsidies in Africa (November 1989)

xiv.      A.I.D./W, Office of Nutrition, Agriculture-Nutrition Linkages Workshop (February 1990)

 

International Conferences:

 

Presentations were made to the following international conferences:

 

i.          CILSS/Club du Sahel Seminar on Regional Trade in West Africa (Lomé, November 1989)

ii.         CILSS/Club du Sahel Seminar on Cereals Market Information Systems in the Sahel (Bamako, April 1990)

iii.       CIRAD, CILSS/Club du Sahel, USAID conference on "The Future of Sahelian Agriculture" (Montpellier, France, September 1990)

 

Other Project Outputs in Mali were:

 

i.          Participation in a special program on Malian television on the Cereals Market Restructuring Project (September, 1986).

ii.         Consultant to the Malian producer of radio and television programs on the PRMC.

iii.       Provision of monthly rural market data to CILSS food security monitoring project in Ouagadougou.

iv.        Briefings of numerous USAID and other donor-sponsored consultants.

v.         Data and analysis provided to IFAD for the design of seasonal credit program for farmers