Fact Sheet - Agricultural Technology Assessment Study

 

 

FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA (FSA) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

 

between

 

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

and

 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTUREAL ECONOMICS

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

 

(Time period: January 1990 - November 1992)

 

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·       Downloadable Documents

o   MSU-IDP 14F. L'Impact de la technologie agricole en Afrique subsaharienne: Synthèse des conclusions du colloque (241KB PDF) par James F. Oehmke and Eric W. Crawford. 1993. 34 pp.

o   MSU- IDP 14. The Impact of Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis of Symposium Findings (132KB PDF) by James F. Oehmke and Eric W. Crawford. 1993. 33 pp.

o   Select and click below to view downloadable documents from USAID/DEC Archive by some of the authors involved in the project --Last name, first name-- e.g. (Oehmke, James

, Crawford, Eric,

 

1.         Cooperating Institutions:

 

A.I.D./Africa Bureau, Office of Analysis, Research and Technical Support; Food, Agriculture and Resource Analysis Division

USAID Missions and Collaborating Institutions:

! USAID/Yaoundé

- Institut de Recherches Agronomiques (IRA)

- National Cereal Research and Extension Project (NCRE)

- Purdue University Bean/Cowpea CRSP team

- Bean/Cowpea CRSP Management Office at Michigan State University.

! USAID/Nairobi

- Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)

! USAID/Lilongwe

! USAID/Bamako

- Institut d'Economie Rurale, Département de Planification et Economie Rurale  (IER/DPAER)

! USAID/Niamey

- Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)

- International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR)

! USAID/Kampala

- Makerere University, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry (MUFAF)

- Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries (MOAAIF)

- Manpower for Agricultural Development Project (MFAD)

! USAID/Lusaka

- Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries (MOAFF)

- Rural Development Studies Bureau (RDSB), University of Zambia

 

2.         Researchers Involved:

 

Cameroon:      Georges Dimithé, (IRA); James Sterns (MSU In-Country Researcher)

Kenya:            Daniel Karanja, (KARI), David Makanda (IDS), Valentina Mazzucato (MSU/ISNAR)

Malawi:          James Oehmke

Mali:               Dr. Bino Témé, Abadou Diarre, Sidi Diallow, Mme. Bouré Assa Kanti, (IER/DPER); Duncan Boughton and Bruno Henry de Frahan (MSU In-Country Researchers)

Niger:              Samba Ly, (INRAN); Valentina Mazzucato (ISNAR and MSU In-Country Researcher)

Uganda:          Bernard Bashaasha, Elizabeth Balirwa, Godfrey Turiho-Habwe (MUFAF); Rita Laker-Ojok (MSU In-Country Researcher)

Zambia:          George M. Chitalu, (RDSB), Sylvester M. Kalonge (MOAFF); Julie Howard (MSU In-Country Researcher)

 

MSU Campus Backstop:  Drs. Jim Oehmke, Eric Crawford, Richard Bernsten, John Staatz, and Carl Eicher

 

Objective of the Research:

 

Critically review the literature on ex post and ex ante evaluation of agricultural research with emphasis on implications for Africa and methodologies applicable to Africa.

 

Assess the potential for application of current methodologies to evaluate African agricultural research.

 

Collaborate with staff of AFR/ARTS/FARA to select and design research programs in a number of African countries on the impacts of investments in agricultural research.

 

Undertake other selected activities to evaluate the effects of alternative investments in agricultural research.

 

4.         Research Approach:

 

Following the review of literature and a workshop to discuss methods of choosing and undertaking the country studies, three countries (Kenya, Malawi, Mali) were chosen for Phase I studies, and four other countries (Cameroon, Niger, Uganda, Zambia) were chosen for Phase II studies.  Short-term studies (five months or less) were conducted in Cameroon, Kenya (maize), Malawi, and Niger; long-term studies (twelve months or more) were conducted in Kenya (wheat), Mali, Uganda, and Zambia.

               

5A.      Outputs: Working Papers (General, and Grouped by Country)

 

General:

 

Choe, Y. C., and J. F. Oehmke.  "Dynamic Analysis of Returns to Research I:  A Time Series Methodology."  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  1991.

 

Daniels, Lisa, et al. "Assessment of Agricultural Research: Ex-Post, Ex-Ante, and Needed Methodologies." Paper presented at A.I.D./Washington Africa Bureau (TR/ARD) sponsored workshop on returns to investment in agricultural research, April 24-25, 1990, Washington, DC.

 

Daniels, Lisa, et al. "The Impact of Agricultural Research: A Review of the Ex-Post Assessment Literature With Implications For Africa" MSU International Development Paper (Draft).  East Lansing: Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural Economics, 1990.

 

 

Oehmke, James F.  "Technology, Impact and Agricultural Transformation: Lessons Learned from Impact Assessments."  Paper presented at the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa.

 

Kangasniemi, J., and B. Kupfuma.  "Minutes:  Technology Assessment Workshop, June 17-21, 1991, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural Economics,"  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  1991.

 

Oehmke, James F., and Eric W. Crawford.  "The Impact of Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa:  A Synthesis of Symposium Findings."  Staff Paper No. 92-83.  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  December 1992.

 

Oehmke, James F., and Eric W. Crawford.  "Evaluating the Impacts of Selected Investments in Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa."  Draft for AID Evaluation News.  Staff Paper No. 92-84.  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  December 1992.

 

Oehmke, James F., and James A. Sterns.  "Assessing Returns to Research:  Implications for Sub-Saharan Africa," MSU Staff Paper No. 92-43.

 

Cameroon:

 

Sterns, James A., and Richard Bernsten.  "Assessing the Impact of Cowpea Research and Extension in Northern Cameroon:  Lessons Learned."  Proceedings of the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa, Washington D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

Sterns, James A., and Richard Bernsten.  "Assessing the Impact of Cowpea and Sorghum Research and Extension:  Lessons Learned in Northern Cameroon."  Working Paper (Draft), December 9, 1992.

 

Kenya:

 

Choe, Y. C. and James F. Oehmke.  "Dynamic Analysis of Returns to Research II:  An Application to Kenyan Maize."  MSU Staff Paper No. 92-55.

 

Karanja, Daniel.  "The Payoff to Maize Research in Kenya:  An Institutional and Economic Analysis."  Working Paper, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, March, 1992.

 

Karanja, Daniel.  "Wheat Research in Kenya:  The Challenge Ahead."  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  1992.

 

Makau, Boniface P.  "The History of Wheat Research in Kenya."  Nairobi, 1991.

 

Malawi:

 

Oehmke, J. F.  "Assessing the Impacts of Malawian Maize Research."  Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU.  1991.

 

Mali:

 

Boughton, Duncan.  "The Impact of Maize Research in Mali."  Paper presented at the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa, Washington, D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

Boughton, Duncan, and Henry de Frahan, Bruno.  "Agricultural Research Impact Assessment:  The Case of Maize Technology Adoption in Southern Mali."  November 1992.

 

Boughton, Duncan and Témé, Bino.  "Farming Systems and Markets - Combining Analytical Frameworks for Development of Commodity Subsectors:  The Case of Maize in Southern Mali."  Selected Paper, 12th Annual Farming Systems Symposium, The Association for Farming Systems Research/Extension," East Lansing, September, 1992.

 

Témé, Bino and Boughton, Duncan.  "Preliminary Analysis of the Maize Subsector and Principal Questions."  French Version:  "Analyse préliminaire sur la filière maïs et principales interrogations."  Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Elevage et de l'Environnement, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Département de Planification Agricole et Economie Rurale.  Comité Technique du Programme Systèmes de Production et Economie Rurale.  Bamako:  April, 1992.

 

Niger:

 

Mazzucato, Valentina and Ly, Samba.  "An Economic Analysis of Reseach and Technology Transfer of Millet, Sorghum and Cowpeas in Niger."  The Hague, Netherlands: ISNAR.  November 1992.

 

Mazzucato, Valentina and Ly, Samba.  "An Economic Analysis of Reseach and Technology Transfer of Millet, Sorghum and Cowpeas in Niger:  Issues Raised."  Paper presented at the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa, Washington, D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

Uganda:

 

Laker-Ojok, Rita.  "A Preliminary Assessment of the On-Farm Research Into Maize, Soybeans and Sunflower in Uganda Which Was Sponsored by USAID Under the MFAD Project."  July 1992.

 

Laker-Ojok, Rita.  "The Impact of USAID Supported Research on Maize and Oilseeds in Uganda."  Paper presented at the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa, Washington, D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

Laker-Ojok, Rita.  "The Rate of Return to Agricultural Research in Uganda:  The Case of Oilseeds and Maize."  Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, November, 1992.

 

Balirwa, Elizabeth.  "Maize Research and Production in Uganda."  July 1992.

 

Bashaasha, Bernard.  "Soybean Research in Uganda."  June 1992.

 

Turiho-Habwe, Godfrey.  "The Accomplishments and Constraints of Sunflower Research in Uganda."  July 1992.

 

Zambia:

 

Howard, Julie.  "The Impact of Maize Research in Zambia:  Methodology and Preliminary Results."  Paper presented at the SADCC/ICRISAT Sorghum and Millet Improvement Program Research Planning Meetings, September 21-26, 1992, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

 

Howard, Julie, Chitalu, George, and Kalonge, Sylvester.  "The Impact of Investments in Maize Research and Dissemination in Zambia:  Preliminary Results."  Paper presented at the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation in Africa, Washington, D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

5B.      Outputs: Dissertations and Theses

 

Makanda, David.  "Research and Policy Impacts on the Kenyan Wheat Sector."  Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University.  December, 1992.

 

Mazzucato, Valentina.  "Non-Research Policy Effects on the Rate of Return to Maize Research in Kenya:  1955-88."  M.S. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University.  1992.

 

Sterns, James A.  "Ex Post Assessments of Investments in Cameroon's Cowpea and Sorghum Research and Extension Systems."  M.S. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University.  December, 1992.

 

5C.      Outputs: Seminars/Conferences

 

Briefings:

 

Briefings on the results of the impact studies were given to USAID Missions and local collaborating institutions by MSU in-country researchers in Cameroon (August 1991), Niger (June 1992), Uganda (July 1992), and Zambia (November 1992).  Further briefings are scheduled for Kenya (January, 1993) and Uganda (January, 1993).

 

Overall:

 

Presented results of literature review at USAID-sponsored workshop on returns to agricultural research, Washington, DC, April 24-25, 1990.

 

Conducted workshop on issues and methods of assessing the impact of agricultural research, Dept. of Ag. Econ., MSU, June 1991.

 

Organized, with AID/ARTS/FARA, the Symposium on the Impact of Technology on Agricultural Transformation, Washington, D.C., October 14-16, 1992.

 

Presentation of the draft symposium synthesis report to AID/ARTS/FARA by James Oehmke, Washington, D.C., November 24, 1992.

 

Presentation of the symposium synthesis, Kenya wheat and Kenya maize studies by Oehmke, Makanda and Karanja, respectively.  REDSO Conference on Regional Networking in Agricultural Research, Nairobi, Kenya, January 18-22, 1993.