Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics  Research > Food Security Group > GISAIA > Tanzania > Component 1

GISAIA:Tanzania

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Component 1: Policy Analysis & Capacity Building within DPP/MAFC

With BMGF funding under GISAIA/Tanzania, MSU hired a full-time Agricultural Policy Advisor (Dr. David Nyange) who has been embedded within DPP/MAFC since August 2013 to provide support to MAFC in the following ways:

  • Provide demand-driven analytical capacity, mentoring, and short-term capacity building (training courses) focused on not only DPP staff but also policy-oriented staff from other directorates within MAFC and other ag sector line ministries 
  • Provide technical assistance in facilitating the coordination of agricultural/food policy and policy analysis within MAFC, across ag-sector line ministries and between MAFC and the main suppliers of ag policy analysis (donor-funded policy projects and local consultant firms)
  • Collaborate with the MSU/SUA team pursuing empirical research & policy outreach on the GISAIA themes noted in Component #2 below

1) Provision of analytical capacity & policy dialogue to respond to specific MAFC policy priorities
1.1. Policy analysis
A Study on Agricultural Produce Cess (Tax) in Tanzania: Policy Options for Fiscal Reforms by Local Government Authorities (LGA) 
Before beginning field work and analysis, the joint GISAIA/Tanzania-FSP LGA study team presented their study proposal to a wide range of stakeholders in Dar es Salaam, 20 January 2014.  The presentation and meeting covered the study team’s proposal for the key issues to be addressed and the study design and methods to be used. 

…. Link to draft policy brief from January 2014 …?

Status: Draft report completed June 2014.  From June to August 2014, D.Nyange held meetings with over 10 different individual stakeholder groups (from the public sector, parliament, private sector, and civil society) to present study results to each group, address any specific questions or concerns they had, and try to find and build consensus among stakeholders for a compromise position regarding some type of LGA crop cess reform.  On 30 Oct 2014, a draft final LGA crop cess study report was present publicly for the first time at a joint stakeholder conference convened by the Prime Minister’s Office for Regional & Local Government and the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives. 

Presentation by David Nyange at LGA crop cess stakeholder forum, 30 Oct 2014

Final LGA crop cess report

At this public stakeholder forum, all key stakeholders voiced support for a consensus reform proposal, which includes: The consensus reached is as follows: a) LGA crop taxes on food crops will be reduced from a maximum of 5% to 2%; b) LGA crop taxes on cash crops will be reduced from a maximum of 5% to 3%; c) these LGA crop tax rates may not be modified by LGAs over time (so that LGA crop taxes will be both harmonized across LGAs and predictable so as to minimize spatial distortions in production and trade.  Assuming that this consensus at some point leads to legislation that is approved by Parliament, this will enable Tanzania to achieve one of its key enabling environment commitments that it made to the New Alliance – i.e. to remove or reduce the LGA crop tax.

1.2 Monitoring & Evaluation
The Policy Advisor is helping the Ag Statistics and M&E units within MAFC to coordinate the development of a mobile-phone based Results Tracking System (RTS) to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of on-going MAFC investments in irrigated rice schemes.  In response to the Ministry’s request, Dr. Nyange is coordinating the development of of a mobile-phone based results-tracking system, which will consist of monthly surveys of farmers and extension agents via text messages.  The RTS is being developed to improve the M&E of one of the three key Big Results Now investments for 2015, which is providing both technical services and infrastructure investments to improve small and large holder productivity in 76 rice irrigation schemes. Assuming that the RTS for the rice irrigation investments are successful, the PA will then help coordinate the modification of this e-platform to help improve M&E of another key Big Results Now investment for 2014/15: investments to improve infrastructure and services in 125 Warehouse Receipt Systems (primarily linked to rice production zones).

The Policy Advisor is coordinating the development of mobile-phone based platform for payment of LGA crop tax  The current plan is for the mobile-phone platform to be developed and tested by April / May 2015 and then piloted in a few participating LGAs (districts) beginning in June / July 2015.

1.3 On-going general technical assistance to DPP/MAFC

  • Policy Advisor (PA) provides technical review of MAFC policy position documents, and input into and/or coordination of the forthcoming MAFC 10-year ag sector strategy;
  • PA reviews/drafts SOWs for technical assistance contracted out by MAFC
  • PA organizes/chairs policy working group meetings among MAFC staff, etc (such as meetings to prepare a policy statement for a ‘New Alliance Update Conference’ that the Minister and PS were going to attend)

2) Lead/coordinate capacity building activities targeted to MAFC & public sector
In coordination with the Director of DPP/MAFC, the Policy Advisor completed an assessment of analytical capacity within key Ministry directorates charged with policy-making as well as the nature/frequency of demands for ag policy analysis from the Ministry (Oct 2013).  Based on this assessment, the PA is leading/coordinating a series of formal short-course workshops to address the skills gaps identified by the capacity assessment.  The PA is coordinating the funding for the workshop facilities, participants, and trainers using a combination of technical assistance and funding from both GISAIA/Tanzania and ReSAKSS.

2.1 Lead/coordinate short training courses for staff from Ag-Sector line Ministries
Short courses on ‘Writing & Communication Skills for Ag Policy’

  • 12-15 December 2014, Bagamoyo, Tanzania (22 participants, mainly senior staff from MAFC)
  • March 2014, Bagamoyo, Tanzania (25 Participants, mainly junior staff from MAFC)
  • May 2014, Morogoro, Tanzania (20 Participants, mainly faculty and graduate students from the Department of Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness of Sokoine University of Agriculture)
  • August 2014, Bagamoyo, Tanzania (22 Participants, from a range of Ag Sector-related Ministries)

  Short course on ‘An Overview of Agricultural Policy Analysis”

  • September 2014, Bagamoyo, Tanzania (15 Participants, the junior analysts targeted to be key resource staff for the Policy Resource Center within DPP/MAFC) The course content provided an overview of a range of current issues in agricultural policy in Tanzania such as fiscal policy; land, trade and output marketing policy; value chains; private sector competitiveness, etc.

Short course on “Agricultural Trade Policy Analysis and Public Expenditure Review”

  • November 2014, Bagamoyo, Tanzania (22 participants, junior policy analysts from DPP/MAFC, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Finance)

2.2 Institutional Innovation: Establishment of a Policy Resource Center within DPP/MAFC
The PA has worked with DPP/MAFC and ReSAKSS to establish a Policy Resource Center within DPP/MAFC, which officially opened on 27 February 2015. The PRC will function like a local SAKSS node but instead of being a parallel structure outside the Ministry, it will be embedded within DPP/MAFC (it will serve as Tanzania’s local SAKSS node).  The PRC will help to build MAFC analytical capabilities, improve the coordination of the demand for and supply of ag policy analysis, improve Ministry staff access to empirical analysis and in-house analysts for assistance with research, speech-writing, strategy development, etc, and improve access to both existing datasets and existing ag policy research (both full technical papers and policy briefs) for GoT officials both in Ministries and in Parliament, and for in-country and foreign researchers working on issues related to Tanzania’s agricultural sector.  Fifteen staff from DPP and other policy units within MAFC and related Ministries are currently being intensively trained to serve as policy analysts for the PRC to improve DPP’s internal capacity to respond to MAFC’s analytical needs

In addition, each of the PRC-related DPP staff members who are trained through the short-course workshops will be required to apply the concepts learned in the workshops in which they participate to a specific value chain.  These staff members will then be directed to follow events/trends/etc for that value chain weekly throughout the full year of training (by reading, attending relevant meetings on the VC, etc).  The goal is for DPP (and other policy units in other Ministries) to have 1-2 in-house experts on a wide range of value chains.

3) Facilitate coordination of agricultural & food policy and policy analysis
3.1 Institutional Innovation: Organization of the Policy Analysis Group (Oct 2013)
In Oct 2013, D.Nyange initiated and coordinated the founding of the Policy Analysis Group (PAG) and he chaired the initial monthly meeting of the PAG. The PAG includes a representative from each of the main donor-funded ag policy projects in Tanzania (AGRA, GISAIA/Tanzania, MAFAP, ReSAKSS, USAID-SERA, etc), in addition to the two main local consulting firms (ESRF, REPOA), organizations representing civil society, small farmer and women's groups (ANSAF), an organization representing more commercial farmers and agribusiness (ACT) and donor and MAFC representatives.

The PAG was created to improve coordination of the supply of and demand for ag policy analysis and capacity building within Tanzania.  For example, on the demand side, the PAG’s monthly meetings help to better match the analytical and capacity building demands from MAFC and other ag-related ministries to existing donor-funded policy projects and/or local research institutions.  On the supply side, the PAG helps to better coordinate the activities of the various institutions/organizations in Tanzania doing ag policy analysis and capacity building so as to foster cross-organizational synergies/learning and to avoid duplication of effort.  The PAG has met monthly since Oct 2013.