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MSU AFRE Food Security
International Updates

 

QUARTERLY UPDATE

 

January 2015

Food Security Group

 

 

Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

 

Michigan State University

Since our last quarterly update, these items have been added to our web site:

Awards Received by FSG Faculty and Students

·        Nango Dembele was awarded the title of Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mali. Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita granted the award in recognition of his longstanding contributions to food security and improved agricultural policies in Mali.  A former faculty member and alumnus (PhD 1994) of AFRE, Dr. Dembele is currently Minister and Food Security Commissioner of Mali.

·        Ryan Vroegindewey. Second place win in Global Focus photo contest. The winning photo will be displayed in a gallery in MSU’s International Center lobby, as well as featured in the annual MSU International magazine and other university publications to promote international awareness and understanding.

Press Reports and Success Stories

·        WATCH: Future Investments to Address Food Security at Scale. USAID’s Jeanne Downing interview with Thom Jayne. Agrilinks. Dec. 18, 2014.

·        African governments should fund agricultural research. Moses Hategeka. Africa Review. 10 December 2014.

·        Harmonizing agriculture, trade policies and research sharing key in Africa’s development. Moses Hategeka. New Vision. 04 December 2014.

·        Boosting Agriculture Through Collaboration. Moses Hategeka. The African Executive. 03 December 2014.

·        David Tschirley was interviewed about changes in African diets on WKAR’s Current State program on December 1, 2014.

Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy (FSP)

Policy Presentations

·       The Emerging Quiet Revolution in Agrifood Value Chains and Livelihoods in Myanmar. Keynote speech by Dr. Tom Reardon for the LIFT Annual Forum 2014. Yangon Myanmar. Burmese. English.

·        Mega-trends and the Future of African Economies. T.S. Jayne, Lulama Traub, Ferdinand Meyer, Jordan Chamberlin, Milu Muyanga, Felix Yeboah. ReSAKSS Annual Trends and Outlook Report Methodology Workshop. Washington, DC. December 11, 2014.

·        Observations on the African Diet Transformation and its Implications. David Tschirley, Thomas Reardon, Michael Dolislager, Jason Snyder. CAADP Annual Trends and Outlook Report (ATOR) 2014. Methodology Workshop: Towards a Middle Income Africa, Long Term Growth Outlook and Strategies. 12 December 2014.

·        Analysis of Agricultural Produce Cess. Policy Options for Fiscal Reforms. David Nyange and David Tschirley. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. October 2014.

·        IFPRI Policy Seminar, Washington, DC. October 1, 2014 and USAID/Bureau for Food Security, Washington, DC. September 30, 2014.

o  Insights from Recent Research on the Emerging “Quiet Revolution” in African Agrifood Systems. David Tschirley.

Press Reports

·        Announcing New USAID Initiative to Support Agricultural Policy. Malawi Strategy Support Program Newsletter. January 2015.

Myanmar: Improving Food Security Research and Analysis Capacity

Policy Presentations

·        Role of Food security Networks in the Policy Process: Lessons from Developing Countries. Suresh Babu, Adam Kennedy and Oyinkan Tasie. Food Security Working Group. Yangon, Myanmar. 10 December 2014.

Press Reports

·        MITV - Myanmar International Television. “Food Security: NGO Roles In Policy Making.” 11 December 2014

·        Mizzima Burmese. “News in Burmese on seminar on "Role of Food security Networks in the Policy Process: Lessons from Developing Countries." 10 December 2014.

Mozambique Policy Analysis and Planning Capacity

Flash

·        Factores que influenciam o uso de insumos melhorados no sector familiar: Estudo de caso da região centro de Moçambique, 2010/11. Bordalo Mouzinho, Benedito Cunguara, Eunice Cavane e Cynthia Donovan. Junho 2014. Nº71P.

·        Factors influencing the use of improved inputs by smallholder farmers in central Mozambique, 2010/11. Bordalo Mouzinho, Benedito Cunguara, Eunice Cavane, and Cynthia Donovan. January 2015. Nº71E.

Policy Presentations

·        Socioeconomic Characterization of the Horticultural Production and Commercialization Systems of the Producers Supplying Maputo. Created by the Socioeconomics Team. Presented by Jenny Cairns. Boane, November 14, 2014. (Portuguese)

Workshops and Training Materials

·        Research Workshop: Agricultural Public Investments, Policies, and Markets for Mozambique’s Food Security and Economic Transformation. Maputo, Mozambique. Hotel VIP Grand Maputo.  20 November, 2014.

o  Agenda  (Eng)  (Port)

o  Keynote speech: The Role of Agriculture: Looking Forward. Channing Arndt.

o  O Papel da Agricultura Perspectivas Futuras.  Channing Arndt.

o  The Emerging “Quiet Revolution” in African Agrifood Systems: Challenges for Mozambique. David Tschirley, Michael Dolislager, Jason Snyder, Thomas Reardon.

o  Evaluating Mozambique’s Agricultural Investment Plan: Round Two. James Thurlow, Rui Benfica, Benedito Cunguara.

o  Avaliar o plano de investimento na agricultura de Moçambique: Segunda ronda. James Thurlow, Rui Benfica e Benedito Cunguara.

o  Agriculture and nutrition: Trends in production of nutrients and patterns of consumption from production. Rui Benfica, Jaquelino Massingue, Cynthia Donovan.

o  Unpacking the "black box" of public expenditure statistics: Method for constructing agricultural public spending aggregate using public accounts.  Tewodaj Mogues.

o  Abrir a "caixa-negra" das estatísticas da despesa pública na agricultura.Lições de um diagnóstico da despesa pública no setor agrícola.  Tewodaj Mogues.

o  Competitividade das Culturas de Rendimento em Moçambique: O caso da Castanha de Caju Monitoria e Análise de Políticas Agroalimentares (MAFAP). Resultados Preliminares. Helder Zavale, Luis Monroy.

o  Mobile money and market information systems: Prospects and Challenges in Mozambique. Alan De Brauw.

o  Dinheiro móvel, informações de mercado e ferramentas para melhorar a segurança alimentar: Perspetivas e desafios em Moçambique. Alan de Brauw.

o  Custos de Produção de Milho. Joao Mutondo.

o  Securing land rights: Is the community land delimitation initiative in Mozambique a cost-effective and inclusive alternative? Hosaena Ghebru.

o   Assegurar os Direitos Fundiários em Moçambique: Poderá a iniciativa de delimitação da terra comunitária em Moçambique ser uma alternativa inclusiva e rentável? Hosaena Ghebru.

o  The Food Security-Energy-Water Nexus in Mozambique – Insights for policy from analyzing improved cook stoves and small-scale irrigation. Stefan Meyer.

o  A Relação Segurança Alimentar-Energia-Água em Moçambique – Ideias a partir da análise de fogões melhorados e irrigação de pequena escala.  Stefan Meyer.

o  Weather Forecasts, Agriculture and Poverty in Mozambique.  Joao Rodrigues, Claudia Ringler, James Thurlow and Tingju Zhu.

o  Previsões Meteorológicas, Agricultura e Pobreza em Moçambique. Joao Rodrigues, Claudia Ringler, James Thurlow and Tingju Zhu.

o  A resposta do produtor Moçambicano ao ambiente de preços altos. Benedito Cunguara, David Tschirley, David Mather.

Zambia

Policy Syntheses

·        Does The Current Sugar Market Structure Benefit Consumers And Sugarcane Growers? Brian Chisanga, Ferdinand H. Meyer, Alex Winter-Nelson, and Nicholas J. Sitko. No. 69. December, 2014.

·        Climate Trends and Farmers’ Perceptions of Climate Change in Zambia. Brian P. Mulenga and Ayala Wineman. No. 68. December, 2014.

Presentations

·        Political economy dimensions of input subsidy programs: Fertilizer subsidies & election outcomes in Zambia. Nicole M. Mason, T.S. Jayne, & Nicolas van de Walle. IFPRI Headquarters, Washington, DC. 14 January 2015.

·        Conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Hopes and realities. Hambulo Ngoma, Arild Angelsen, Davison Gumbo & Brian Mulenga. The Global Landscapes Forum 2014: UNFCCC COP20. Session: Will climate smart agriculture help realise REDD+? Lima, Peru. December 7, 2014.

·        Provincial Outreach Workshop.  Luapula, Zambia. December 5, 2014.

o   Facts about Zambia Agriculture Sector.  Antony Chapoto & IAPRI Outreach Team.

o   Opportunities and Challenges in Zambia’s Livestock Sector: Focus on Luapula Province.  Mary Lubungu and IAPRI Team.

o   Fisheries in Zambia and Luapula Province. Dr Alexander Shula Kefi, Dr Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka.

o   Nutrition and Hunger Situation in Zambia And Luapula Province.  Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka.

o   Opportunities and Challenges of The Cassava Sector In Zambia. Stephen Kabwe and Outreach Team.

·        Reflecting On the Hunger Situation in Zambia. Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka. CSO-SUN/PSP Policy Dialogue on Food, Nutrition Security and Social Protection.

·        Bridging the Edible Oil Deficit. Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka, Brian Chisanga and Mary Lubungu. 109 ZNFU National Congress. Mulungushi Conference Center. Lusaka. 14th October, 2014.

·        Agricultural Commodity Exchanges and the Development of Grain Markets and Trade in Africa. Nicholas Sitko, T.S. Jayne, Chris Sturgess, Ron Kopicki. 1st Annual Regional Agricultural Outlook Symposium: A 10 Year Outlook. “Anticipating and Responding to the Region’s Policy Challenges in the Decade Ahead”. Lusaka, Zambia. Nov. 5, 2014.

Research Reports

·        Child Malnutrition, Agricultural Diversification and Commercialization among Smallholders in Eastern Zambia. Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka and Christian H. Kuhlgatz. Working Paper 90 January, 2015.

·        Revised: Does the Current Sugar Market Structure Benefit Consumers and Sugarcane Growers? Brian Chisanga, Ferdinand H. Meyer, Alex Winter-Nelson, and Nicholas J. Sitko. Working Paper 89. October 2014.

·        Agricultural Commodity Exchanges and the Development of Grain Markets and Trade in Africa: A Review of Recent Experience. T.S. Jayne, Chris Sturgess, Ron Kopicki, and Nicholas Sitko. Working Paper 88. October 2014.

Guiding Investments in Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Africa: GISAIA

Outreach and Policy Engagement Activities

·        Agricultural Taxation in Tanzania with special reference to produce cess: Inception Report on Key Issues and Study Design. David Nyange and David Tschirley. Presentation at LGA crop cess stakeholder study inception meeting. Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security, and Cooperatives, Dar es Salaam. 30 Jan 2014.

·        Ex Ante Institutional Assessment of the proposed Agricultural Credit Subsidy Program of MAFC. David Mather, Anna Temu, Daniel Ndyetabula, Betty Waized, Isaac Minde and David Nyange. Presentation by D. Mather in meeting with Director of Crop Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives, Dar es Salaam. 12 Dec 2014.

·        Presentation at the first annual Agricultural Policy Conference, "The Changing Landscape of Tanzania’s Agriculture: The need for evidence-based policy making,” Dar es Salaam. 2-4 Dec 2014.

o   Effects of NAIVS on private sector fertilizer & seed supply chains: Implications for post-NAIVS strategies for smallholder maize & rice productivity. Betty Waized, Daniel Ndyetabula, David Mather, Anna Temu, Isaac Minde and David Nyange. Presentation by D.Mather & B.Waized.

o   The Changing Landscape of Tanzania’s Agriculture: A need for evidence-based policy making. David Nyange.

·        Inaugural Conference on Land Policy in Africa. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. November 11-14, 2014.

o   Land Alienation by Elites and Its Effects on Agricultural Growth in Zambia.  Nicholas Sitko, Jordan Chamberlin, Munguzwe Hichaambwa, and TS Jayne.

o   Rural-Rural Mobility, Land and Labor Markets in Zambia. Brian P. Mulenga, Jordan Chamberlin, and Nicholas J. Sitko.

o   Is Small Still Beautiful? The Farm Size-Productivity Relationship Revisited. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne

o   Rural Land Rental Markets in Southern Africa: trends, participation and impacts on household welfare in Malawi & Zambia. Jordan Chamberlin and Jacob Ricker-Gilbert.

o   Land Scarcity & African Agriculture: Implications for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Strategies. T. S. Jayne, Milu Muyanga, Jordan Chamberlin and Chance Kabaghe.

·        1st Annual Conference of the Regional Network of Agricultural Policy Research Institutes in East and Southern Africa. Lusaka, Zambia. November 4-5, 2014.

o   Africa’s Evolving Food Systems: Drivers of change and the scope for influencing them. T.S. Jayne, Lulama Traub, Ferdinand Meyer, Milu Muyanga, Jordan Chamberlin, Chance Kabaghe.

o   Changing Dynamics Around Land In Africa. Milu Muyanga, T.S. Jayne, J. Chamberlin, N. Sitko, A. Chapoto, J. Ricker-Gilbert, A.L. Josephson.

·        Maize Yield Response to Nitrogen in Malawi’s Smallholder Production Systems. Sieg Snapp, T.S. Jayne, Wezi Mhango, Todd Benson, and Jacob Ricker-Gilbert. Working Paper 9. October 2014.

·       Analysis of Agricultural Produce Cess: Policy Options for Fiscal Reforms. David Nyange, David Tschirley, Francis Gaspar, Hussein Nassoro, Iddy Alfan, and Stella L. Steward. Presentation at the Local Government Authority Crop Cess stakeholder forum convened by PMO-RALG and MAFC, Dar es Salaam. 30 Oct 2014.

·        Seminar at the Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA. October 23, 2014.

o  Africa’s Evolving Food Systems: Drivers of change and the scope for influencing them. T.S. Jayne, Lulama Traub, Ferdinand Meyer, Milu Muyanga, Jordan Chamberlin, Chance Kabaghe.

o  Emerging Land Issues in African Agriculture. Milu Muyanga, T.S. Jayne, Jordan Chamberlin.

Capacity Building Activities

·        STATA Short Course Training – 10 November 2014. The goal of this training is for MoFAS staff to understand how the impacts of Malawi’s input subsidy program are measured.

o  List of Registered Participants

o  Opening Speech by Prof G.Y. Kanyama Phiri

o  STATA training manual 1 (Draft)

o  Training Program (STATA Introductory Course)

o  Closing Speech by Assoc. Prof. Alexander Kalimbira

o  Report on STATA Training in Malawi, 10 – 14 November 2014

Strengthening Regional Agricultural Integration in West Africa - Phase 2
(SRAI 2)

Theme 2: Evolution of the Asian rice market and its policy implications for rice development efforts in West Africa Presentations                      

 

·       Adjao, Ramziath T. and John M. Staatz. Asian rice economy changes and implications for sub-Saharan Africa. Global Food Security.

Theme 3: Alternative models of value-chain organization that link smallholders more effectively to markets

Cross-cutting analyses

·        What would it take to increase the productivity of those engaged in the primary sector in Mali? John Staatz and Bino Temé. Presentation to the World Bank’s Poverty Global Practice Group. 13 January 2015.

·        Appropriate policy as a key to up-scaling:Examples from West Africa. John Staatz. Presentation to the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture Scaling Up Symposium. Basel, 9 December 2014.

·       With good policy and the right investment, West Africa’s farming can flourish-- Mali, Michigan and markets."  Interview with Professor John Staatz by the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture.

Kenya

Presentations

·        Household Incomes and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Kenya: A Panel Data Analysis. Milu Muyanga & Phillip Musyoka. Economics of Global Poverty Conference. Gordon College, Boston. January 6-7, 2015.

·        Kenya Land Alliance Conference. Nairobi, Kenya. October 30, 2014.

o  Connecting Land Policy to Africa’s Agricultural, Employment and Poverty Reduction Challenges. T.S. Jayne, Milu Muyanga, Jordan Chamberlin, Chewe Nkonde.

o  Emerging Agricultural Land Issues In Kenya. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne.

o  Post Conference Highlights: The People (Saturday, November 8th, 2014); and The Sunday Nation and The Standard (Sunday, November 9th 2014).

o  Media Coverage

o  Videos:

§  KBC (Kenya), Land speculators a threat to Kenya’s food security efforts. November 7th, 2014.

§  NTV (Kenya), Kenya land challenges, lack of law enforcement threatens land reforms. October 28th, 2014.

§  KTN (Kenya). Small scale farming under threat and governments asked to come up with agricultural policies. October 28th, 2014.

§  K24 (Kenya). Rise of Medium Scale Farms a Threat To Food Security. October 28th 2014.

o  Print:

§  Daily Nation (Kenya). Why rescuing small farms is good for everyone. Otieno Otieno. November 1, 2014.

§  Daily Nation (Kenya). Wealthy urbanites hungry for fertile land deal blow to food production. Arthur Okwemba. October 31, 2014.

§  People Daily (Kenya). Country stares at food shortage over land use. Brian Ngugi. October 29, 2014.

·        National Land Conference On Emerging Land Issues In Kenyan Agriculture And Their Implications For Food Policy And Institutional Reforms. Joint Press Briefing by Kenya Land Alliance and Michigan State University. Breakfast Press Briefing at Laico Regency Hotel, Nairobi, October 28 & 29, 2014.

West Africa Market Information Project-Phase II (WAMIP II)

Research Reports

International Development Working Papers

·        IDWP 137. An Overview and Economic Assessment of Sorghum Improvement in Mali. Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Amidou Assima, Eva Weltzien, and Fred Rattunde. December 2014.

·        IDWP 136. Destination or Distraction? Querying the Linkage between Off-farm Income and Farm Investments in Kenya. Melinda Smale, Yoko Kusunose, Mary K. Mathenge, and Didier Alia.

·        IDWP 135. Agricultural Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Role of the Multiplier, A Literature Review. Donald Snodgrass. October 2014.

Professional Publications

·        Silva, J., Matyas, C., Cunguara, B., 2015. Regional Inequality and Polarization in the Context of Concurrent Extreme Weather and Economic Shocks. Applied Geography. (in press)

·        Theriault, V. Rev. of New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture, eds. Peter Hazell and Atiqur Rahman. Journal of Economic Issues, December 2014: 1163-1165. Print.