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MSU AFRE Food Security
International Updates

 

QUARTERLY UPDATE

 

October 2015

Food Security Group

 

 

Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

 

Michigan State University

Since our last quarterly update, these items have been added to our web site:

Policy Syntheses

·        Road Map Towards The Malabo Declaration: Increasing Smallholder Farm Productivity through Improved Farm Management Practices. ReNAPRI Policy Brief No. 1.

·        Anticipating Africa’s Policy Challenges In The Decade Ahead: Africa’s Changing Farm Structure and Employment Challenge. ReNAPRI Policy Brief No. 2.

·        Road Map towards the Malabo Declaration: A Case for Open Borders. ReNAPRI Policy Brief No.3.

·        An emerging success story of pigeonpea expansion in smallholder agriculture in Mozambique: A summary of key findings. T. Walker, S. Silim, B. Cunguara, C. Donovan, P.R. Parthasarathy, M.A Amane, M. Siambi. September 30, 2015. Policy Flash No. 73E.

·        Can Horticultural Market Agents Play A Role in the Development of Cost-Effective and Sustainable Price Information Systems? Munguzwe Hichaambwa and Nyamwaya Munthali. IAPRI Policy Brief No 76. September 2015.

·        Does Customary Land Tenure System Encourage Local Forestry Management in Zambia? A Focus on Wood Fuel. Brian P. Mulenga, Chewe Nkonde, and Hambulo Ngoma.  IAPRI Policy Brief No 75. September 2015.

·        Agricultural Commercialization and Child Nutrition: Lessons from the Eastern Province of Zambia. Christian Kuhlgatz and Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka.  IAPRI Policy Brief No. 74. August, 2015.

·        The Paradox of High Mealie Meal Prices amidst Abundance: Maize Grain to Mealie Meal Price Transmission in Zambia. Brian Chisanga, Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka, and Antony Chapoto.  IAPRI Policy Brief No. 73. July, 2015.

·        Agricultural Produce Cess in Tanzania: Policy Options for Fiscal Reforms. Tanzania Policy Research Brief #1. October 2014.

Research Reports

·        Unpacking the Growth of Medium-scale Farms Zambia: What Are the Implications for the Future of Smallholder Agriculture? Nicholas J. Sitko, Jordan Chamberlin, and Brian Mulenga. Working Paper No. 100. October 2015.

·        The Politics of Maize in Zambia: Who holds the Keys to Change the Status Quo? Antony Chapoto, Olipa Zulu-Mbata, Barak D. Hoffman, Chance Kabaghe, Nicolas Sitko, Auckland Kuteya and Ballard Zulu. Working Paper 99. October 2015.

·        Towards A Sustainable Soil Fertility Strategy in Ghana. Report submitted to the Ministry of Food and Agriculture Government of Ghana. September 2015.

·        The Geography of Customary Land in Zambia: Is Development Strategy Engaging With The Facts? Nicholas J. Sitko, Jordan Chamberlin, and Munguzwe Hichaambwa. Working Paper 98. September 2015.

·        2015/16 Zambian Maize Market Outlook and Regional Analysis. Brian Chisanga and Antony Chapoto. Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute. Market Outlook. Number 1. September 2015.

·        Stages of Transformation in Food Processing and Marketing: Results of an Initial Inventory of Processed Food Products in Dar es Salaam, Arusha, and Mwanza. Claire Ijumba, Jason Snyder, David Tschirley, Thomas Reardon. Tanzania Policy Research Brief #3. September 18, 2015.

·        Projected Demand and Supply for Various Foods in West Africa: Implications for Investments and Food Policy. Yuan Zhou and John Staatz. Draft Working Paper, SRAI 2, Sept. 2015.

·        Pigeonpea in Mozambique: An Emerging Success Story of Crop Expansion in Smallholder Agriculture. Tom Walker, Said Silim, Benedito Cunguara, Cynthia Donovan, P. Parthasarathy Rao, Manuel Amane. Research Paper 78E. September 2015.

·        Does Late Delivery of Subsidized Fertilizer Affect Smallholder Maize Productivity and Production? Thelma Namonje-Kapembwa, Roy Black, and T.S. Jayne. Working Paper 97. July 2015.

·        Local Response to the Rapid Rise in Demand for Processed and Perishable Foods: Results of an Inventory of Processed Food Products in Dar es Salaam. Jason Snyder, Claire Ijumba, David Tschirley, Thomas Reardon. Tanzania Policy Research Brief #2. May 8, 2015.

Policy Presentations

·        Transformação Agraria em Moçambique: Oportunidades, Desafios, e Prioridades. David Tschirley. Maputo. Outubro de 2015.

·        What is in 2016 Budget for the Agricultural Sector? Auckland Kuteya. Budget Breakfast Meeting. Taj Pamodzi Hotel. Lusaka. October 23, 2015.

·        Structure et performance de la filière engrais au Mali. Véronique Thériault, Alpha Kergna, Abdramane Traoré, Bino Témé and Melinda Smale. Bamako, Mali. 22 October 2015.

·        Système semencier en transition: tendances, défis et opportunités. Steven Haggblade, Boubacar Diallo, Melinda Smale, Lamissa Diakité and Bino Témé. Bamako, Mali. 22 October 2015.

·        Transforming African Agriculture: Successes, Challenges and Opportunities. Steven Haggblade. African Development Bank conference “Feeding Africa: An Action Plan for African Agricultural Transformation.” Dakar. October 21, 2015.

·        Reassessing the Concept and Measurement of Market Access: Evidence from Zambian Maize Markets. Antony Chapoto and Thom Jayne. 2nd International Conference on Global Food Security 11-14 October 2015, Ithaca, NY, USA.

·        You Can Have Your Rice and Eat Fish Too: Rice, fish, land use trade-offs and food security in Myanmar and Bangladesh. Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, Seng Kham, Paul Dorosh, Emily Schmidt. Poster presented at the Global Food Security conference, Cornell University. October 11-14.

·        How can agricultural development strategies effectively reduce poverty in Africa? T.S. Jayne, Kwame Yeboah, Lulama Traub, Milu Muyanga, Jordan Chamberlin, Ferdinand Meyer. Ag. Learning Lunch seminar, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle. October 6, 2015.

·        A produção de feijão bóer em Moçambique: Tendências e perspectivas de crescimento. Debate sobre o feijão bóer em Moçambique. Walker, T, Silim, S., Cunguara, B, Donovan, C, Parthasarathy Rao, P., Amane, e M., Siambi, M. Hotel VIP, Maputo, Moçambique. 1 de Outubro de 2015.

·        Megatrends and the Future of the Agri‐food System in West Africa. Felix K. Yeboah, T.S. Jayne, Lulama N. Traub, Ferdinand Meyer. BMGF’s Convening for Dryland Farming Systems in W. Africa. Dakar, Senegal. September 28, 2015.

·        Agricultural Input Subsidy Programs in Africa: An assessment of recent evidence. T.S. Jayne, Nicole Mason, William J. Burke, Joshua Ariga. World Bank Workshop on “Options for Improving Agricultural Public Expenditures in Africa.” Washington, DC. September 22-23, 2015.

·        Smallholder farmers’ access to seeds and fertilizer in sub-Saharan Africa. J. Ricker-Gilbert and T. S. Jayne. European Commission Workshop on Local Level Food and Nutrition Security and The Role of Subsistence/Smallholder Farms. Seville, Spain. September 9-10, 2015.

·        Smallholder maize-nitrogen response rates, soil fertility, and profitability of inorganic fertilizer use on maize in Tanzania. David Mather, Isaac Minde, Betty Waized, Daniel Ndyetabula, Anna Temu, and David Nyange. Fertilizer Stakeholder Workshop. Serena Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 8 September 2015.

·        ReSAKSS Annual Conference. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Sept. 1-3, 2015.

o   Megatrends and the Future of African Economies. Lulama Ndibongo Traub, T.S. Jayne, Felix K. Yeboah, and Ferdinand Meyer.

o   Agribusiness in Africa: Prospects and challenges for contributing to industrialization and economic transformation. David Tschirley, Thomas Reardon, Jason Snyder, Claire Ijumba.

·        Medium & Large Scale Farming in Tanzania: Highlights from Agric. Sample Census Survey 2007/08. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne. Land Access Study Inception Stakeholders’ Meeting. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. August 24, 2015.

·        Triennial International Conference of Agricultural Economists, Milan, Italy. August 8-14, 2015.

o   Plenary Session: Changing Global Farm Structure and Agricultural Land Use

§  Africa’s Changing Farmland Ownership: The Rise of the Emergent Investor Farmer. T.S. Jayne, Jordan Chamberlin, Lulama Traub, N. Sitko, Milu Muyanga, Felix K. Yeboah, Chewe Nkonde, Ward Anseeuw, A. Chapoto, and Richard Kachule.

§  The Evolution of Global Farming Land: Facts and Interpretations. Derek D. Headey.

§  Institutional Innovation and Policy Support to Facilitate Small-Scale Farming Transformation in China. Jikun Huang and Jiping Ding.

§  The Evolving Role Of Large And Middle Size Farms in Brazilian Agriculture. Joaquim Bento de Souza, Ferreira Filho, and Carlos Eduardo de Freitas Vian.

o   Does minimum tillage with planting basins or ripping raise maize yields? Meso-panel data evidence from Zambia. Hambulo Ngoma, Nicole M. Mason and Nicholas J. Sitko.

o   Do input subsidies reduce poverty among smallholder farm households? Evidence from Zambia. Nicole M. Mason, Solomon T. Tembo.

o   Can crop purchase programs reduce poverty and improve welfare in rural communities? Evidence from the Food Reserve Agency in Zambia. Winnie Fung, Saweda Liverpool-Tasie, Nicole M. Mason, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere.

o   Plot History, Soil Characteristics and Maize Response to Fertilizer in Kenya. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne.

o   Emerging Agricultural Land Issues among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne.

o   Enduring Effects of Fertilizer Subsidies on Commercial Fertilizer Demand and Maize Production? Panel Data Evidence from Malawi. J. Ricker-Gilbert and T.S. Jayne.

o   Megatrends and the Future of African Food Systems. Lulama N. Traub, Felix K. Yeboah, Ferdinand Meyer, and T. S. Jayne.

o   Rural Land Rental Markets: Discussant remarks. T.S. Jayne.

o   Farmland Ownership and Rental Markets in Africa. T.S. Jayne, Jordan Chamberlin, Lulama Traub, Milu Muyanga, Felix Yeboah, Ferdi Meyer, Ward Anseeuw.

o   Political Economy Challenges of Input Subsidy Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. T.S. Jayne. Organized Symposium on Strengthening Agricultural Governance in an Interconnected World.

o   Does Government Operations in Staple Food Markets Reduce or Exacerbate Food Price Volatility? Evidence from East and Southern Africa. A. Chapoto and T. S. Jayne. Symposia on Trade shocks, Price Transmission and poverty linkages in African Countries.

·        Fertilizer Subsidies & the Role of Targeting In Crowding-Out: The Case of Kenya. David Mather and T.S. Jayne.

·        Agricultural & Applied Economics Association and Western Agricultural Economics Association Joint Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, July 26-28, 2015.

o   Africa’s Changing Farmland Ownership: Causes and Consequences T.S. Jayne, J. Chamberlin, L. Traub, N. Sitko, M. Muyanga, K. Yeboah, C. Nkonde, W. Anseeuw, A. Chapoto, and R. Kachule.

·        AAEA Pre-conference on Rapid Agrifood System Transformation, Globalization, and International Development. San Francisco, July 25, 2015

o   Agenda

o   Spatial Patterns of Urbanization and Smallholder Vegetable Sales in Kenya, Mozambique and Zambia. Duncan Boughton, Mayuko Kondo, Chaoran Hu, David Mather, Tom Reardon, David Tschirley, Jennifer Cairns Smart, Steve Haggblade, Jordan Chamberlain and Mohammad Abouali.

o   Challenging Conventional Wisdom on Trader-Farmer Interlinked Input-Credit Markets with Evidence from Africa. Saweda Liverpool-Tasie, Serge Guigonan Adjognon, David Tschirley, Michael Dolislager, Thomas Reardon.

o   The rise of processed foods in Africa: Evidence from three cities in Tanzania. David Tschirley, Tom Reardon, Jason Snyder, and Claire Ijumba.

o   The quiet revolution in downstream and midstream of agrifood value chains: Case studies from Asia and Africa. Bart Minten and Thomas Reardon.

·        Can Africa Employ Its Youth? The African “Growth Miracle” Confronts The Worldwide Loss Of Manufacturing Jobs. David Tschirley. Global Center for Food System Innovation. 23 July 2015.

·        Agrifood System Transformation in East and Southern Africa: Implications for Tanzania. David Tschirley, Jason Snyder, Claire Ijumba, Thomas Reardon . 1st Agrifood System Transformation Stakeholder Workshop in Tanzania Dar es Salaam, July 15, 2015.

·        Prospects for inclusive employment in developing countries over next 20-30 years. David Tschirley & Tom Reardon. IFAD workshop for preparation of 2016 Rural Development Report. IFAD Headquarters. Rome. July 8, 2015.

·        Response to the diet transformation in East and Southern Africa: Observations from Mozambique and Tanzania. David Tschirley, Jaquelino Massingue, Gerivasia Mosse. 1st Stakeholder Meeting. Mozambique DNEAP/Min. of Plan and Finance. Maputo, Mozambique. 27 May 2015.

·        2015 -Zambia’s Agricultural Sector Budget Analysis. Auckland Kuteya and Antony Chapoto. IAPRI/ACF/MAL Budget Breakfast Meeting, Taj Pamodzi Hotel, Lusaka. October 17, 2014.

Workshops and Training Materials

·        Methodological Workshop: Farmer-Processor Linkages in the Cassava and Rice Value Chains in Ghana (Accra, 20-21 August, 2015)

o   Summary Description of Project

o   Workshop program

o   Workshop report

o   PowerPoint presentations

§  Linking West African Smallholders to Greater Value-Added Activities. John Staatz, MSU

§  Value Chain Development in the Agricultural Sector. Eddie Addo-Dankwa, PPBD – MOFA

§  CALTECH Ventures, Limited: Cassava-ENA/HQCF Project, Volta Region. Benjamin Bentil, CALTECH

§  Creating the Cassava Revolution. Kwadwo Osei-Sarfo, DADTCO

§  Weta Irrigation Scheme, Volta Region: Rice Value Chain. Ebenezer Appiah Adu, WIS

§  Mawuwoe Cooperative Rice Processors and Marketing Society Limited, Hohoe. Sarah Elikplim Honu, MCRPMSL

·        Training Materials used in the two-day workshop titled "Treinamento na Analise Diagnostica Multissectorial para Guiar Definição de Prioridades no Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PRONAE)", Maputo, Mozambique. Led by Benedito Cunguara and Jennifer Cairns Smart. July 22-23, 2015.

o   Programa de Treinamento

o   Zip File with Remaining Training Materials

 

Professional Publications

·        Creating Scarcity from Abundance: Bumper Harvests, High Prices, and the Role of State Interventions in Zambian Maize Markets. Kuteya AK and NJ Sitko. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. Volume 15 No. 4, September 2015.

·        Hernandez, R.A., J.A. Berdegué, and T. Reardon. 2015. Modernizing Wholesalers and Guava Farmers in Mexico, Agricultural Economics 46.

·        Hambulo Ngoma, Nicole M. Mason, Nicholas J. Sitko. Does minimum tillage with planting basins or ripping raise maize yields? Meso-panel data evidence from Zambia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 212 (2015) 21–29.

·        Reardon, T., D. Tschirley, B. Minten, S. Haggblade, S. Liverpool-Tasie, M. Dolislager, J. Snyder, C. Ijumba. Transformation of African Agrifood Systems in the New Era of Rapid Urbanization and the Emergence of a Middle Class. Chapter in the Proceedings Volume of the ReSAKSS Annual Conference, “Beyond a Middle Income Africa,” Trends and Outlook Report Conference held in Addis Ababa, September 1-3, 2015. Final version.

·        Nicholas Sitko and Jordan Chamberlin. The Anatomy of Medium-Scale Farm Growth in Zambia: What Are the Implications for the Future of Smallholder Agriculture? Land 2015, 4(3), 869-887.

·        N.M. Mason, T.S. Jayne, and B. Shiferaw. Africa’s rising demand for wheat: Trends, drivers, and policy implications. Development Policy Review, 2015, 33 (5): 581-613.

·        A Framework for Analyzing Coordination in Agricultural Value Chains: Evidence from Cereal Markets in Mali. Ryan Vroegindewey. M.S. Thesis, Michigan State University, 2015.

·        Megatrends and the Future of African Economies. Lulama Traub, Felix K. Yeboah, Ferdinand Meyer, and Thomas S. Jayne. Chapter 3 in the 2015 ReSAKSS Annual Trends and Outlook Report, Beyond A Middle Income Africa: Transforming African Economies for Sustained Growth with Rising Employment and Incomes. Edited by Ousmane Badiane and Tsitsi Makombe. ReSAKSS, Addis Ababa. 2014.

 

Press Reports

·        Research Symposium on Making Maize Markets Work for All. IFPRI. 2015 October.

·        MSU lands $1.8M USAID award to boost African Great Lakes’ coffee industry. Published: Sept. 30, 2015.

·        MULHERES CIENTISTAS: Uma liderança que reforça competências na investigação. Sexta, 11 Setembro 2015.

Awards Received by FSG Faculty and Students

·        Saweda Liverpool-Tasie was named associate editor of Agricultural Economics, the journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, effective September 2015.