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MSU AFRE Food Security International Updates

 

QUARTERLY UPDATE

 

  October 2016


Food Security Group

 

Department of Agricultural, Food,
 and Resource Economics

 

Michigan State University

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  This is a quarterly publication from MSU. Editor, Steven Longabaugh

 

 

Since our last quarterly update, these items have been added to our web site:

Policy Briefs

·        Towards Gender Mainstreaming in Agriculture, Natural Resources Management and Climate Change Programs in Zambia. Cliff Dlamini and Paul C. Samboko. Number 84. September 2016.

·        Improved Agricultural Technology Adoption in Zambia: Are Women Farmers Being Left Behind? Thelma Namonje-Kapembwa and Antony Chapoto. IAPRI Policy Syntheses Number 83. September 2016.

·        Gendering Malawi's National Nutrition Policy using the integrated framework for gender analysis in nutrition policy. Elizabeth Mkandawire, Sheryl L. Hendriks and Lucy Mkandawire. Policy Research Brief 17. September 2016.

·        What Factors Drive Smallholder Crop Diversification in Zambia? Munguzwe Hichaambwa and Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka. Number 82. August 2016.

Research Reports

·        Estimating Farmer Cost of Production For Fully-Washed Coffee in Rwanda. Ruth Ann Church Daniel C. Clay. Research Paper 33. October 2016.

·        Determinants of Farmer Investment in Coffee Production: Finding A Path to Sustainable Growth in Rwanda's Coffee Sector. Daniel C. Clay, Aniseh S. Bro, Ruth Ann Church, Alfred Bizoza, David L. Ortega. Research Paper 32. October, 2016.

·        What Drives Input Subsidy Policy Reform? The Case of Zambia, 2002-2016. Danielle Resnick and Nicole Mason. Research Paper 28. October 2016.

·        The Role of Cooperatives On Adoption of Best Management Practices and Productivity In Rwanda’s Coffee Sector. David L. Ortega, Aniseh S. Bro, Daniel C. Clay, Maria Claudia Lopez, Ruth Ann Church, Alfred R. Bizoza. Research Paper 27.  October 2016.

·        Gender, Generation and Agricultural Intensification: A Case of Two Cereals in The Sudanian Savanna of Mali. Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Véronique Thériault, Amidou Assima, and Naman Keita. Research Paper 26. October 2016.

·        Farm Family Effects of Improved Sorghum Varieties in Mali: A Multivalued Treatment Approach. Melinda Smale, Amidou Assima, Alpha Kergna, Véronique Thériault, Eva Weltzien. Research Paper 25. October 2016.

·        Causes and Consequences of Increasing Herbicide Use in Mali. Steven Haggblade, Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Veronique Thériault and Amidou Assima. Research Paper 24. October 2016.

·        The Potential Economic Impact of Guinea-Race Sorghum Hybrids in Mali: A Comparison of Research and Development Paradigms. Alpha Kergna, Melinda Smale, Amidou Assima, Abdoulaye Diallo, Eva Weltzien, and Fred Rattunde. Research Paper 23. October 2016.

·        Credit Access and Utilization in Agriculture And Aquaculture In The Ayeyarwady Delta. Lu Min Lwin and Khun Moe Htun. Research Highlights #3. September 2016.

·        Agricultural Mechanization and Structural Transformation in Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady Delta. Myat Thida Win and Aye Mya Thinzar. Research Highlights #2. September 2016.

·        The Myanmar Aquaculture-Agriculture Survey 2016. Ben Belton and Ellen Payongayong. Food Security Policy Project Research Highlights #1. September 2016.

·        Growth & Transformation of Chicken & Eggs Value Chains in Nigeria. Saweda Liverpool-Tasie, Bolarin Omonona, Awa Sanou, Wale Ogunleye, Samantha Padilla, Thomas Reardon. Research Paper 22. September 2016.

·        Towards A Systemic Analysis of the Impacts of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Nigeria. Laura Schmitt Olabisi, Saweda Liverpool-Tasie, Adeola Olajide. Research Paper 21. September 2016.

·        Rural Livelihoods in Mon State: Evidence from a Representative Household Survey. Myanmar Center for Economic and Social Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, and Michigan State University. Research Paper 20. September 2016.

·        The Potential of Bt Cotton Production in Zambia: Profitability, Stakeholders' Perceptions, and Constraints for Adoption. Stephen Kabwe and Bbebe Nchimunya. IAPRI Working Paper 113. September 2016.

·        Explorando o potencial para a expansão da área cultivada usando a tracção animal no sector familiar em Moçambique. Benedito Cunguara, David Mather, Tom Walker, Bordalo Mouzinho, Jaquelino Massingue, Rafael Uaiene. Relatório de Pesquisa 79P. Setembro de 2016.

·        Agricultural Inputs Policy Under Macroeconomic Uncertainty: Applying The Kaleidoscope Model to Ghana’s Fertilizer Subsidy Programme (2008–2015).  Danielle Resnick and David Mather. Research Paper 19.  August 2016.

·        Micronutrient Policy Change In South Africa: Implications For The Kaleidoscope Model For Food Security Policy Change. Sheryl L Hendriks, Elizabeth Mkandawire, Nicolette Hall, Nic JJ Olivier, Hettie C Schönfeldt, Phillip Randall, Stephen Morgan, Nico JJ Olivier, Steven Haggblade and Suresh C Babu. Research Paper 18. August 2016.

·        Factors Influencing Smallholder Crop Diversification in Zambia and the Implications for Policy. Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka and Munguzwe Hichaambwa. Working Paper 112. August, 2016.

·        Detailed crop suitability maps and an agricultural zonation scheme for Malawi: Spatial information for agricultural planning purposes. Todd Benson, Athur Mabiso, Flora Nankhuni. Food Security Policy Innovation Lab Research Paper 17. July 2016.

·        Revitalized Agriculture for Balanced Growth and Resilient Livelihoods: Toward a Rural Development Strategy for Mon State. Center for Economic and Social Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, and Michigan State University. July 2016.

·        Technical Efficiency: Are Zambian Cotton Farmers Lagging Behind? Stephen Kabwe, Thelma Namonje and Brian Chisanga. Working Paper 111. June 2016.

·        A Long History Of Low Productivity In Zambia: Is It Time To Do Away With Blanket Recommendations? Antony Chapoto, Lydia M. Chabala and Olipa N. Lungu. Working Paper 110. June 2016.

·        Load shedding and charcoal use in Zambia: what are the implications on forest resources? Cliff Dlamini, Kaala B. Moombe, Stephen Syampungani and Paul C. Samboko. Working Paper No. 109. June, 2016.

·        The profitability of inorganic fertilizer use in smallholder maize production in Tanzania: Implications for alternative strategies to improve smallholder maize productivity. David Mather, Betty Waized, Daniel Ndyetabula, Anna Temu, and Isaac Minde. GISAIA/Tanzania Working Paper #4.  June 2016.

·        HARVEST Aquaculture Program Evaluation. Robert Richardson, Murari Suvedi, Michael Kaplowitz, Samonn Mith, Sreng Bora. May 24, 2016.

·        Malawi Land Symposium: Complexities of Land Issues In Malawi and Their Implications For Agricultural Commercialization. Event Report. Bingu International Conference Center, Lilongwe. 20 April 2016.

o   Posted in the MaSSP (IFPRI) Newsletter

·        Towards Gender Mainstreaming in Agriculture, Natural Resources Management and Climate Change Programs in Zambia. Cliff Dlamini and Paul C. Samboko. Working Paper No. 108. April 2016.

Policy Presentations

·       Is Small Still Beautiful? The Farm Size-Productivity Relationship Revisited. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne. Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, MSU. Brown Bag Seminar. October 25, 2016.

·       Africa's evolving employment structure: Trends and drivers of change. F. Kwame Yeboah and Thomas S. Jayne. Eye on Africa Seminar Series, African Studies Center, MSU. East Lansing, MI. October 20, 2016.

·        Toward Smallholder-led Agricultural Transformation in Myanmar: Beginning A Journey Together. Duncan Boughton, Ben Belton, Aung Hein and Ellen Payongayong. Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics (AFRE). Graduate Student Organization seminar. October 18, 2016.

·       Access to agricultural land, youth migration and livelihoods in Tanzania. Ntengua Mdoe, Milu Muyanga, T.S. Jayne and Isaac Minde. 5th Conference of AAAE, Invited Panel Session 2. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. September 25, 2016.

·       5th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,23-26 September 2016

o   Can Economic and Environmental Benefits Associated with Agricultural Intensification Be Sustained at High Population Densities? A Farm Level Empirical Analysis. Daniel Kyalo Willy, Milu Muyanga and T.S Jayne.

o   Profitability of Fertilizer Use in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Malawi. Francis Darko, Jacob Ricker-Gilbert, Jerry Shively, Talip Kilic.

o   Africa's evolving employment trends: Implications for youth livelihoods in the agrifood system. F. Kwame Yeboah, Thomas S. Jayne.

o   The Potential Economic Impact of Guinea-Race Sorghum Hybrids in Mali: A Comparison of Research and Development Paradigms. Alpha Kergna, Melinda Smale, Amidou Assima, Abdoulaye Diallo, Eva Weltzien, and Fred Rattunde.

o   Impacts of Improved Sorghum Varieties on Farm Families in Mali: A Multivalued Treatment Effects Approach. Amidou Assima, Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Veronique Theriault, Eva Weltzien.

·        Association of African Agricultural Economists, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Moderator:  Thomas Jayne

o   Presentation #1:  Antony Chapoto. The Rise of Medium Scale Farms in Africa (authors T.S. Jayne, Antony Chapoto, Jordan Chamberlin, Milu Muyanga, Nicholas Sitko, Ayala Wineman, Chewe Nkonde, Ward Anseeuw)

o   Presentation #2:  Hosaena Ghebru. Drivers of tenure insecurity and demand for land rights formalization in Africa: Role of social and Economic transformation (author Hosaena Ghebru)

o   Presentation #3:  Milu Muyanga.  Is Small Still Beautiful? The Farm Size-Productivity Relationship Revisited (authors Milu Muyanga and T.S. Jayne)

o   Discussant:  Johan Swinnen, University of Leuven

·       Africa's evolving employment structure: Causes and Consequences. F. Kwame Yeboah, Thomas S. Jayne. FAO Technical Workshop. Rome, Italy. September 1920, 2016.

·       MSU Agricultural Sector Activities in Kenya. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne. USAID-KENYA. September 9, 2016.

·       Transformation of Horticulture Supply Chains in an era of Rapid Urbanization in developing Asia. Thomas Reardon. September 8, 2016.

·       Launch of the 2016 Africa Agricultural Status Report, African Green Revolution Forum, Opening Plenary Session moderated by Thomas Jayne, co-author of the report, 6 September, 2016, Nairobi, Kenya.

·        MSU AFRE FSG Contributions to African Green Revolution Forum, September 2016

o   At last, evidence that African agriculture is powering economic transformation. Summary article by Thomas Jayne, The Conversation. 25 September 2016.

o   Network Africa: Africa Green Revolution Forum Updates. Ayoola Kassim. Channels Television, Nigeria. 8 September 2016.

o   African countries that embraced agriculture saw food production, GDP and nutrition all improve.  Rwanda News Agency. 07 September 2016.

o   Africa needs US $400M to support agriculture. Kenya Citizen TV. 06 September 2016.

o   Misuse of land in Africa leading to food insecurity. Kenya National Television Network, 6 September 2016.

o   AGRF2016 Wrap up video.

·       Raising Fertilizer Use by Smallholder Farmers. T.S. Jayne. Keynote Presentation at "Seizing the Moment: Accelerating Fertilizer Use by Smallholder Farmers" Side Event at The African Green Revolution Forum. Nairobi, Kenya. 6 September 2016.

·       Agricultural Input Subsidy Programs in Asia and Africa: A Review of Recent Evidence. T.S. Jayne and Nicole Mason. Presentation at workshop on “Making Subsidies Work for Kenya.” Nairobi, Kenya.1 September 2016.

·        Smallholder-led Agricultural Transformation: Requirements for Success in Myanmar. Duncan Boughton and Tin Htut Oo. Conference on Smallholder Development: The Foundation of Economic Development. Nay Pyi Taw. August 16, 2016.

·        Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) Annual Meeting. Boston, MA. August 2, 2016.

o   Measuring the Impact of Fertilizer Use in Burkina Faso. Hamza Haider.

o   Origins and Impact of Increasing Herbicide Use in Mali. Steven Haggblade, Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Veronique Theriault, and Amidou Assima.

o   Gender, Generation, and Agricultural Intensification: A Case of Two Cereals in the Sudanian Savanna of Mali. Veronique Theriault, Melinda Smale, Alpha Kergna, Amidou Assima, and Naman Keita.

o   Maize Response to Nitrogen Role of soil quality. Milu Muyanga & T.S. Jayne.

o   The Role of Legume Technologies in the Agriculture-Nutrition-Food Security Nexus: Evidence from Zambia. C. Sauer, N. Mason, M. Maredia, and R. Mofya-Mukuka.

o   What is driving farmland rental prices in sub-Saharan Africa? Evidence from Malawi. Jacob Ricker-Gilbert, Nicole M. Mason, Jordan Chamberlin. Selected paper presented at AAEA, Boston. August 2, 2016.

o   Measuring Hope: A Quantitative Approach with Validation in Rural Myanmar. Jeffrey R. Bloem.

o   Intra-Rural Migration in Tanzania and Pathways of Welfare Change. Ayala Wineman and Thomas S. Jayne.

o   Africa's evolving employment structure: Trends and implications for youth livelihoods. F. Kwame Yeboah, Thomas S. Jayne.

·        Desigualdade Regional no Contexto de Mudanças climáticas e Choques Económicos. Julie A. Silva, Corene J. Matyas, Benedito Cunguara. Palestra no IIAM, Maputo. 02 de Agosto de 2016.

·        Malawi Land Symposium. April 20, 2016.

o   Keynote presentation by Professor Thomas Jayne. Africa’s Changing Farmland Ownership and Use: Considering the Implications.

o   Presentation by Dr. Jacob-Ricker Gilbert. Participation in Rural Land Rental Markets in Malawi: Who Benefits and by How Much?

o   Presentation by Ms. Julia Behrman. Closing the Gender Gap in Land Access, Control & Ownership in Eastern Africa.

o   Presentation by Mr. Davie Chilonga. Improving Estate Land Governance in Malawi: Towards a National Land Information Management System.

o   Presentation by Dr. Todd Benson. A Spatial Examination of Agricultural Use potential in Malawi: An Agricultural Zonation Scheme for Malawi for Agricultural Planning Purposes.

·        2nd Agricultural Policy Conference in Tanzania. Dar es Salaam. Feb 24, 2016.

o   Smallholder maize-nitrogen response rates, soil fertility, and profitability of inorganic fertilizer use on maize in Tanzania. Presentation of GISAIA/Tanzania-funded research by David Mather, Isaac Minde, Betty Waized, Daniel Ndyetabula, and Anna Temu.

o   Agricultural land dynamics and land policy in rural Tanzania. Milu Muyanga, Isaac Minde, David Nyange, Ntengua Mdoe, Charles Mgeni, Christopher G. Magomba, Judith V. Rejea, Ayala Wineman, T.S. Jayne.

International Development Working Papers

·        IDWP 150. Agri-Food Systems and Youth Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa. T. S. Jayne, John S. Holtzman, Felix Kwame Yeboah, Jock R. Anderson, and James F. Oehmke. IDWP No. 150. October 2016.

·        IDWP 149. Testing Alternative Methods of Varietal Identification Using DNA Fingerprinting: Results of Pilot Studies in Ghana and Zambia. Mywish K. Maredia, Byron A. Reyes, Joseph Manu-Aduening, Awere Dankyi, Petan Hamazakaza, Kennedy Muimui, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Elizabeth Parkes, Tahirou Abdoulaye, Enid Katungi, and Bodo Raatz. October 2016.

·        IDWP 148. Africa's Evolving Employment Structure. F. Kwame Yeboah and T.S. Jayne. October 2016.

·        IDWP 147. Understanding Fertilizer Effectiveness and Adoption on Maize in Zambia. William J. Burke, Emmanuel Frossard, Stephen Kabwe, and Thomas S. Jayne. October 2016.

·        IDWP 146. Revitalized Agriculture for Balanced Growth and Resilient Livelihoods: Toward a Rural Development Strategy for Mon State, Myanmar. Multiple Authors from: Center for Economic and Social Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, and Michigan State University. September 2016.

·        IDWP 145. Agricultural Input Subsidy Programs in Africa: An Assessment of Recent Evidence. T.S. Jayne, Nicole M. Mason, William J. Burke, and Joshua Ariga. July 2016.

Professional Publications

·        William Burke, Thomas Jayne, J. Roy Black.  2016.  Factors explaining the low and variable profitability of fertilizer application to maize in ZambiaAgricultural Economics, 48, 1-12.

·        Africa’s Changing Farm Size Distribution Patterns: The Rise Of Medium-Scale Farms. T.S. Jayne, Jordan Chamberlin, Lulama Traub, Nicholas Sitko, Milu Muyanga, Felix K. Yeboah, Ward Anseeuw, Antony Chapoto, Ayala Wineman, Chewe Nkonde, and Richard Kachule. Forthcoming in Agricultural Economics, in press, Vol 47(s), 2016.

·       Africa Agriculture Status Report 2016. Progress towards Agricultural Transformation in Africa. Released on September 6, 2016 by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA).

o   Press Release

·        Ngoma, H., Mulenga, B. P., and Jayne, T. S. (2016). Minimum tillage uptake and uptake intensity by smallholder farmers in Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 11, issue 4, in press.

·        Richards, P, T. Reardon, D. Tschirley, T. Jayne, J. Oehmke, and D. Atwood. 2016. Cities and the future of agriculture and food security: a policy and programmatic roundtable. Food Security, Conference Report, 8(3), 04 July 2016.

·        Xingliang Ma, Melinda Smale, David J. Spielman, Patricia Zambrano, Hina Nazli and Fatima Zaidi. A Question of Integrity: Variants of Bt Cotton, Pesticides and Productivity in Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 4 July 2016.

Press Reports

·        News articles and TV coverage of the Launch of the 2016 Africa Agriculture Status Report, featuring research findings emanating from FSP, GISAIA and ReNAPRI research activities:

o   South African Broadcasting Company (SABC), "Africa needs large investment to achieve food security: AASR"

o   Channels Nigeria Television Station, "African Countries Make Remarkable Agricultural Productivity Growth"

o   Malawi Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), "Africa agriculture status report 2016 launched in Kenya"

o   Rwanda News Agency, "African countries that embraced agriculture saw food production, GDP and nutrition all improve"

o   East Africa Standard, "Only 13 African countries are investing enough in agriculture"

o   Alliance for a Green Revolution, "Countries that Embraced Agriculture Saw Food Production, GDP & Nutrition Improve"

o   Alliance for a Green Revolution, "New Report Makes a Strong Case for Betting Big on Agriculture in Africa"

o   East Africa Standard, "One in five Africans are underfed due to climate impact on farming"

o   SINA (China English Language News Agency), "Rising land prices, soil infertility inhibit Africa's agricultural growth"

Student Research

·       Competitiveness and Protection: A Comparative and Prospective Study of the West African and Asian Rice Subsector. Ramziath T. Adjao. Dissertation Submitted to Michigan State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics - Doctor of Philosophy. 2016.

·        Smallholder Horticulture in Mali: Patterns of Input Use. Ange T. Kakpo. A Plan B Paper. Master Of Science. 2016.

·        Plan B Paper Defense. Smallholder Horticulture in Mali: Patterns of Input Use. Ange Kapo. 07/13/2016.